The pet will be anesthetized and the entire limb and hip to be operated will be clipped. An incision is made over the hip region. The hip is exposed and the femoral head and neck is removed. The muscle, fat and skin layers are then closed. If deemed necessary, the femoral head is submitted to microscopic evaluation (histopathology) by a pathologist. After the surgery, fibrous tissue will form in the region of the hip joint, which prevents bone rubbing on bone. The muscles hold the hip in place. The operated limb will be slightly shorter than prior to surgery, but this does not cause any functional problems. The illustration right shows the normal hip and operated hip (FHO).